How to Perform Child First Aid?
Even if you keep an eye on your child all the time, still you cannot avoid some injuries at home. When the kid goes to school, there is a risk of injury during physical education lessons or school breaks and even at home, these are common. So it’s important for you to know the child’s first aid and have all baby first aid essentials.
How to perform first aid on a child?
1. Broken skin on knees, elbows, i.e., scrapes and abrasions
Clean abrasions with water and hydrogen peroxide. There is a comfortable variant of hydrogen peroxide as a spray. If the damage is significant, then put iodine on the skin around the abrasions. It’ll prevent bacteria from multiplying. Treat the wound with ointment. Then apply a sterile napkin and fix it with a plaster or bandage.
However, you don’t have first aid essentials with you all the time, include some useful items: in a bag such as wet wipes, antiseptic powder, and plasters. It won’t take a lot of space but it’ll help you out if something happens!
If you have nothing from the things above, just clean the wound with clean cold water. Also, don’t let the child rip off the crust from the wounds. Otherwise, scars may remain after that. There are some other ways to speed up wound healing. However, only a doctor can prescribe them.
Just don’t forget to disinfect your hands before treating scrapes and abrasions. Have alcohol wipes with you to do that.
2. The child pinched their finger
Treat the abrasion. If there is swelling, increased pain, or a lack of mobility then it is worth taking an X-ray, as the bone can be broken.
Clean cuts with hydrogen peroxide or water. To stop the bleeding, press together the edges of the cut and hold them tightly. When the cut is not bleeding anymore, put iodine or brilliant green on the skin around it. Apply the plaster with a sterile napkin or bandage. If the cut is small, there is no necessity to apply any plasters. Air will influence its rapid healing. If the cut is more than 2.5 cm and it’s deep, you should visit a doctor since the cut must be sewn up.
Never put alcohol, vodka, iodine, brilliant green directly into the wound. It can cause tissue burns and it’ll hurt the child. Also, don’t apply plasters on deep and puncture wounds or if the wound is still bleeding.
Maybe an artery is damaged. In this case, you need to apply a tourniquet above the wound as quickly as possible and call the ambulance. If you don’t have a tourniquet, then just take a jump rope, a piece of fabric, bandage (put a layer of cotton cloth under the tourniquet.) If you have nothing at all, just press with your hand or fingers to stop bleeding.
Just don’t forget to disinfect your hands before treating wounds and abrasions or any first aid for kids. Have alcohol wipes with you to do that.
Put ice or something cold on the skin. Don’t massage bruises, as this will only slow down the healing process. If the hematoma is large, it’s better to consult a surgeon.
5. The child got burned
Put the burned area under cold water for 15 minutes. The pain will pass faster. Also, put Dexpanthenol on burns.
Never put grease, oil, or fatty creams on the burned area because the temperature will drop more slowly, but the bacterial infection will grow faster.
Moistening with alcohol is also dangerous because it can cause a painful shock.
When you treat the burn, apply a sterile bandage on it. First aid training for kids says to give your kid an antipyretic syrup that has an analgesic effect. If there are blisters, never pierce them. It’s better to call the ambulance.
6. A nosebleed
Apply an ice pack to the bridge of the nose and tell the child to lower their head down. It’s forbidden to elevate the head because the blood will flow inside. Don’t put cotton wool rolls into the nose either. And if the nose is broken, it can cause a traumatic shock. If the nose is bleeding due to a fall or a blow, you should consult a doctor to avoid a cerebral hemorrhage or concussion.
Even a small wound can cause tetanus infection. That’s why in your first aid kit you should have bandages, sterile wipes, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, sticking plasters, and Dexpanthenol.
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